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Build a Model

In this tutorial, we will:

  • Connect to the Chassis service with the Python SDK
  • Load our model into memory (model can be saved as a file to be loaded or trained and loaded from scratch)
  • Define a process function for inferencing
  • Submit a job request to the Chassis service

After completing these steps, we will have a new container image uploaded to Docker Hub that we will be able to use locally or deploy to a serving platform of our choice.

Please note that in addition to the tutorial on this page, there are example Jupyter notebooks available in the Chassis repo here. Instructions to run those notebooks are provided in the README in that repo subdirectory.

Install the SDK

First step is to install the SDK and additional packages required for this tutorial using pip.

pip install chassisml scikit-learn mlflow joblib requests

Build or import the model

We can start from an existing model saved locally or create a new one, as long as the model can be loaded into memory. In this tutorial, we will create a simple classifier with the Scikit-Learn library.

Import required libraries

Since we are going to train our own model as an example, we need to import all the libraries that we will need to do that.

import chassisml
import sklearn
import numpy as np
import json
from joblib import dump, load

Create the model

from sklearn import datasets, svm
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

digits = datasets.load_digits()
data = digits.images.reshape((len(digits.images), -1))

# Create a classifier: a support vector classifier
clf = svm.SVC(gamma=0.001)

# Split data into 50% train and 50% test subsets
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(
    data,, test_size=0.5, shuffle=False)

# Learn the digits on the train subset, y_train)

Define Process Method

Notice our Scikit-Learn model (clf) is now loaded into memory, which is exactly what we need to format it the way Chassis expects.

This means we can now prepare the process function, which must take raw bytes as input. This function is responsible for preprocessing the bytes, running inference, and returning formatted results. It can leverage anything (variables, functions, objects) defined in our environment. Notice we reference our model clf as defined above:

def process(input_bytes):
    inputs = np.array(json.loads(input_bytes))/2
    inference_results = clf.predict(inputs)
    structured_results = []
    for inference_result in inference_results:
        structured_output = {
            "data": {
                "result": {"classPredictions": [{"class": str(inference_result), "score": str(1)}]}
    return structured_results

The process function can call other functions if needed.

Next, we initialize our Chassis client, which we'll use to communicate with the Chassis service. Here, we assume our instance of Chassis is running locally on port 5000:

chassis_client = chassisml.ChassisClient("http://localhost:5000")

Now let's create a Chassis model with our process function, test it locally with a local input file, and then also test the creation of the environment and the execution of the model with a sample input file within that created environment (this will occur within the Chassis service):

NOTE: test_env function not available in publicly-hosted service.

# create Chassis model
chassis_model = chassis_client.create_model(process_fn=process)

# save sample data for testing
sample = X_test[:1].tolist()
with open("./digits_sample.json", 'w') as out:
    json.dump(sample, out)

# test Chassis model locally (can pass filepath, bufferedreader, bytes, or text here):
sample_filepath = './digits_sample.json'
results = chassis_model.test(sample_filepath)

# test environment and model within Chassis service, must pass filepath here:
test_env_result = chassis_model.test_env(sample_filepath)

Build the image and publish to Modzy

Now that we have our model in the proper Chassis format, we need to make a request against the Chassis service to build the Docker image that exposes it. You can optionally define your desired conda environment and pass it to publish(), but if you don't, Chassis will automatically infer the dependencies for you based on what is required to run the process function. We just need to provide a model name and semantic version, dockerhub credentials, and we can optionally provide a sample input file and Modzy API key if we'd like to publish the model to Modzy:

dockerhub_user = <my.username>
dockerhob_pass = <my.password>

response = chassis_model.publish(
    model_name="Sklearn Digits",

job_id = response.get('job_id')
final_status = chassis_client.block_until_complete(job_id)

The block_until_complete call will terminate once the Chassis job completes.

Pull the image

Now that the process has completely finished we can pull and see our built image. The image name will be the model_name specified in the publish() call, but lowercase and with dashes instead of spaces. The image tag will be the model_version.

docker pull <my.username>/sklearn-digits:0.0.1
docker images <my.username>/sklearn-digits:0.0.1

If everything has gone as expected we will see something similar to this.

REPOSITORY                        TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED         SIZE
<my.username>/sklearn-digits            latest    0e5c5815f2ec   3 minutes ago   2.19GB

Tutorial in Action

Follow along as we walk through this tutorial step by step!